Scrap Metal – Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals

April 11, 2019 | By admin | 0 Comments

When you talk about scrap metal, there are two types that are often known; Non-Ferrous Metals, and Ferrous. Within this guide, you’ll know the differences between these metals, the way to determine the differences for yourself and some resources in which to find them.

Ferrous Metals

We’ll first discuss ferrous metal. Metal is used for items like machinery, cars, motors, farm implements, and other applications such as appliances, like stoves refrigerators, washers, dryers, and freezers. Lawnmowers are produced from a combination of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Most of your smaller drive type generators, generally speaking, the motors are normally made from aluminum (a non-ferrous metal); however, the deck and also manage assembly are manufactured from ferrous metals.

How to Decide Whether the Metal You Are Looking at is Ferrous or Not

Two of the best ways to discern whether a sheet of metal you’re taking a look at is constructed of ferrous metals or are those: Does a magnet stick to it? And, if it is an older piece of alloy, is there some rust on it?

Can a magnet stick on it?

The largest ingredient in ferrous metal is iron, or iron ore, which is a very magnetic material. Consequently, in the event that you always carry a magnet around with you, you’ll know if the piece of metal is ferrous or not. Of course, there are exceptions to every rule, and stainless steel (another non-ferrous metal) is one of these exceptions. Though the main element for making steel itself is iron, high-quality stainless steel has a high quantity of nickel in it (another non-ferrous metal) and, therefore, a magnet won’t stick to it. Scrap Metal Recycling Kitchener | Garbage Bin Rental | Joseph & Co. – Joseph & Company Inc.

Is there any rust on it?

The next and more common way to ascertain whether the alloy you’ve just found is ferrous or not is if you can clearly see any rust anywhere on the item. Rust will notably be prevalent in many locations which touched the ground. Evidently, if an old piece of ferrous metal was left out from the components, it’s usually covered as a rule, in rust. Non-ferrous metals don’t rust. They do, nevertheless, occasionally oxidize. We’ll discuss later in this article.

Scrap Metal Buyers Should Always Carry a Magnet

Non-ferrous alloys (and they are quite a few to discuss here) typically do not include any, or only small traces, of iron, and thus are not magnetic. If you’re into scrap metal recycling or are thinking about starting a scrap metal business, among the friends should be a magnet. I recommend using one which is on a string, and one which has a VERY strong charge because that is exactly what you will see the people at the garbage yards using. A weak magnet can occasionally fool you because you are powerful, and the magnet is weak, you can get it quickly and pull it out quickly, and believe you have a sheet of non-ferrous metal when actually the metal you just found is really ferrous metal. That’s also the reason that I recommend your magnet ought to dangle from a chain, simply waving the magnet in front of a ferrous part of metal will cause the magnet to”influence” or be”affected” by the ferrous metal in some manner. Scrap Metal Recycling Kitchener | Garbage Bin Rental | Joseph & Co. – Joseph & Company Inc.

Non-Ferrous Metals

As opposed to its ferrous counterparts, non-ferrous metals, as stated earlier, don’t rust. However, some non-ferrous alloys do. Oxidation is the process where there is a coating. Aluminum is one metal specifically that tends to oxidize rather than rust. Interestingly enough, it is roughly the same procedure; however, with the lack of iron found in the metal, the oxidation looks flaky rather than reddish and white and porous looking.

Here is an inventory of non-ferrous metal that is the most commonly discovered:

  • Copper
  • Aluminum
  • Stainless Steel
  • Brass
  • Lead
  • Platinum

Where do You Find Copper?

Usually, you’ll usually find copper in plumbing and refrigeration type applications, such as air conditioners, refrigerators, freezers. In such as the window type air conditioning units there is a fair amount of aluminum tubing. Joseph & Company

In roughly 2009, when the market was actually in a terrible way, there was a rash of thefts, particularly large commercial air conditioning units. I had been told the office of one doctor had their ac units stolen. Only as the units replaced and were installed after being stolen the very first time, they have stolen! It became such a big problem that garbage yards where required by legislation to stop taking aluminum/copper radiators (ACR’s) all collectively without written evidence of where they came from, and how you came by them if you’re attempting to bring them in as scrap metal.

Where to Find Aluminum…

Once it comes to aluminum, some of the very first things people think about are aluminum cans, siding out of houses, and door and window trim. Back in the 1960s and 70’s aluminum, it was popular before the window produces starting using vinyl to use for replacements. There are those who still have windows and aluminum doors being replaced, today, so be to take advantage of when it comes to getting that sort of scrap aluminum.

There are many other applications where aluminum is used, but among the best resources, I can advise an individual to find it’s engines. There are many elements beneath the hood. Most radiators and air conditioning condensers are made from aluminum. The casings for your alternator are made of aluminum, and intake manifolds are made from anchoring hardware attached to the engine, in addition to aluminum.

Another abundant resource for finding aluminum is lawnmower engines. Not all the components on an engine are made from aluminum, so, therefore, that sort of a mixture of both ferrous metals and aluminum in scrap metal terms is known as”irony aluminum”

Most recently, there are some car manufacturers that are also utilizing aluminum to make cars parts like hoods, doors, and truck tailgates from. It would be a fantastic practice to put a magnet and see whether sticks or not since there is not any point in getting ferrous scrap metal costs for non-ferrous scrap metals If you put in a car for scrap metal recycling.